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Simen Mountains National Park

Simien Mountains National park was primarily created to conserve Walia Ibex and other endemic species. Its scenic value, probably the most rugged in Africa, also formed the backbone of the concept for conservation of the area. This unique wildlife and breath-taking views on a landscape have further led the park to the recognition as a World Natural Heritage Site in 1978 by UNESCO.

Simen Mountains National Park, North Gonder, Amhara Region, September 1978

The Simen Mountains National Park is situated on the northwestern side of the Simen mountains massif in northern Ethiopia, Gonder, with an altitudinal range from 1900 to the highest peak of the African horn, Ras Dejen, at 4620m asl. It lies in the center of a triangle formed by Gonder, Lalibela, and Axum- three major Historical Northern Routes. It is roughly about 900km from Addis Ababa. The headquarter is situated in debark, where the entrance to the park is permitted.

It is home to a number of endangered species, including the Ethiopian wolf and the walia ibex, a wild goat found nowhere else in the world. The gelada baboon and the caracal, a cat, also occur within the Simien Mountains. More than 50 species of birds inhabit the park, including the impressive bearded vulture, or lammergeier, with its 3 m (10 ft)) wingspan.

The park is crossed by an unpaved road which runs from Debarq, where the administrative headquarters of the park is located, east through a number of villages to the Buahit Pass (4,430 m), where the road turns south to end at Mekane Berhan, 10 kilometers beyond the park boundary.


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March 4, 2015


About, Ethiopia

About, Ethiopia, Simen Mountains